Indian Law Links

Statutes and Regulations

The Constitution of the United States
U.S. Code, Title 25 – Indians
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 25 – Indians


Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act
American Indian Religious Freedom Act
Assisted Housing for Indians & Alaska Natives (Subchapter II of 42 U.S.C.)
Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Title 18, Chapter 53 – Crimes in Indian Country
Federal Court Jurisdiction Over Actions Brought by Indian Tribes
Indian Child Protection and Family Violence Prevention
Indian Child Welfare Act
Indian Civil Rights Act
Indian Claims Limitation Act of 1982
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act
Indian Hospitals and Health Facilities
Indian Land Consolidation Act
Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act – P.L. 93-638
National Historic Preservation Act (1966 amended 1980)
Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act, 1990
Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act


Executive Orders 1949- Present

U.S. Government Websites

Administration on Aging – Title VI Grants for Native Americans
Bonneville Power Administration Tribal Policy (April 29, 1996)
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Indian Affairs Government-to-government consultation policy
Bureau of Indian Education
Bureau of Land Management H-8160-1 – General Procedural Guidance for Native American Consultation, (November 3, 1994)
U.S. Census Bureau: American Indian and Alaska Native Populations
Code Talk – Federal inter-agency webpage
Department of Defense American Indian and Alaska Native Policy (October 20, 1988)
Department of Energy American Indian and Alaska Native Policy (August 21, 2001, reaffirming October 2000, and superseding April 8, 1992 policy).
Department of the Interior’s Office of Hearings & Appeals
Environmental Protection Agency – Tribal Environmental and Natural Resources Assistance Handbook
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Policy Statement on consultation with Indian tribes in Commission proceedings, 104 FERC ¶ 61, 108 ( July 23, 2003 ).
Forest Service National Resource Book on American Indian and Alaska Native Relations (April 1997)
HUD’s Native American Housing Assistance and Self Determination (NAHASDA) Home Page
Indian Arts and Crafts Board
Indian Health Service
Internal Revenue Service – Outline of Tribal Consultation Policy
Law Library of Congress: United States: Native Americans
National Indian Gaming Commission
National Park Service Native American Consultation Database (NAGPRA)
Office of Native American Programs, Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
Office of Tribal Justice, Department of Justice
Opinions of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior Relating to Indian Affairs 1917-1974
Opinions of the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior Relating to Indian Affairs 1993-Present
Tribal Justice and Safety in Indian Country (DOJ)
U.S. Army Corp of Engineers Commanders – Policy Guidance Letter No. 57, Indian Sovereignty and Government-to-Government Relations with Indian tribes (Feb. 18, 1998).
United States Fish & Wildlife Service Native American Policy (June 28, 1994)
U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates 1774-1873

Tribal Websites

List of Federally Recognized Tribes vol.70 Federal Register p. 71194 (November 2005)
Tribal Governments (Directory Published by National Congress of American Indians)


Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
Accohannock Tribe
Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas
Aroostook Band of Micmacs
Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians
Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw of Louisiana
Blackfeet Nation
Cabazon Band of Mission Indians
Caddo Nation of Oklahoma
Cedarville Band of Piscataway Indians
Carrier Sekani Tribal Council
Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska
Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma
Cheyenne & Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
Chickaloon Village Traditional Council
Chickasaw Nation
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
Citizen Potawatomi Nation
Clatsop Nehalem Confederated Tribes
Cloverdale Rancheria of Pomo Indians
Coharie Intra-Tribal Council
Comanche Nation
Coyote Valley Band of Pomo Indians
Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Indian Reservation
Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribal Council
Confederated Tribes of Siletz
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Indians
Cook Inlet Tribal Council
Costanoan Rumsen Carmel Tribe of Indians
Cowlitz Indian Tribe
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
Crow Tribe
Delaware Tribe of Indians (Oklahoma)
Dry Creek Rancheria Band of Pomo Indians
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma
Eastern Shoshone Tribe – Wind River Indian Reservation
Elem Pomo Tribe
Esselen Tribe of Monterey County
Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe
Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria
Forest County Potawatomi
Fort Belknap Indian Reservation
Fort Peck Tribes
Habematolel Pomo of Upper Lake
Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribe
Ho Chunk Nation of Wisconsin
Hoopa Valley Tribe
The Hopi Tribe
Innu Nation/Mamit Innuat
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma
Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken
Jicarilla Apache Nation
Juaneno Band of Mission Indians – Acjachemen Indian Nation
Karuk Tribe of California
Kaw Nation of Oklahoma
The Kawaiisu Tribe
Klamath Tribes
Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa
Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe
Lumbee Tribe
Makah Nation
Mashantucket Pequot Tribe
Mattaponi Indian Reservation
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin
Miami Nation of Oklahoma
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs
Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte
Mohegan Tribe
Mohegan Tribe and Nation
Monacan Indian Nation
Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation
Muscogee (Creek) Nation of Oklahoma
Muwekma Ohlone Indian Tribe
Nansemond Indian Tribal Association
(Ojibwe/Chippewa) Great Lakes Intertribal Council
Nanticoke Indian Tribe
Narragansett Indian Tribe
Navajo Nation Home Page
Nez Perce Tribe
Nooksack Indian Tribe
Northern Cheyenne Tribe
Nuu-Chah-Nulth Tribal Council
Oneida Nation Home Page
Oneida Nation of Wisconsinn
Onondaga Nation
Pamunkey Indian tribe
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
Penobscot Indian Nation
Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
Pinoleville Band of Pomo Indians
Powhatan Renape Nation – Rankokus Indian reservation
Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation
Pueblo of Acoma
Pueblo of Isleta
Pueblo of Jemez
Prairie Island Indian Community
Pueblo of Sandia
Pueblo of Taos
Quapaw Nation
Red Lake Nation
Robinson Rancheria Pomo Indians
Rosebud Sioux Tribe
Sac and Fox Nation
Sandy Lake Band of Mississippi Chippewa
Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians
Secwepemc Shuswap Nation
Shinnecock Indian Nation
Spokane Tribe of Indians
Suquamish Tribe
St. Regis Mohawk Tribe Environment Division
Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
Seminole Tribe of Florida
Seneca Nation
Southern Band Tuscarora Indian Tribe
Southern Ute Indian Tribe
Stockbridge-Munsee Community
Tachi Yokut Tribe
Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska
Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma
Tsnungwe Council
United Houma Nation
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)
Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California
Wea Indian Tribe
Wea Indian Tribe of Indiana
White Earth Debwii
Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reservation
White Mountain Apache Tribe
Winnemem Wintu Tribe
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska
Wiyot Tribe
Wyandot Nation of Kansas
Wyandotte Nation of Oklahoma

Treaties

Kapler’s Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties
Treaties Not Included In Kappler

Tribal Constitutions & Codes

Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project
Tribal Court Codes and Constitutions ( National Tribal Justice Resource Center )
Tribal Constitutions and By-Laws ( National Tribal Justice Resource Center )
Tribal Council Resolutions and Codes ( National Tribal Justice Resource Center )
Tribal Laws/Codes (Tribal Institute.Org)
Blackfeet Tribe of The Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana (Constitution and Bylaws)
Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma Constitution and By-Laws
Chickasaw Nation Constitution
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma – Constitution
Colville Confederated Tribe’s Law and Order Code
Confederated Tribes of the Grande Ronde Community of Oregon’s Tribal Code
Bond Ordinance
Divorce Ordinance
Ethical Standards Ordinance
Governmental Relations Ordinance
Indian Child Welfare Ordinance
Intergovernmental Agreements Ordinance – [PDF]
Marriage Ordinance
Name Change & Birth Certificate Ordinance – [PDF]
Small Claims Court Ordinance – [PDF]
Tort Claims Ordinance
Tribal Council Ordinance
Tribal Court Ordinance – [PDF]
Tribal Government & Procedures Ordinance – [PDF]
Tribal Government Purpose Ordinance
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation in Oregon Constitution and Bylaws
Crow Tribe (Constitution and Bylaws)
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians: The Cherokee Code
Ely Shoshone Tribe (Constitution and Bylaws)
Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indian (Constitution)
Ho-Chunk Nation (Constitution)
Iroquois Nations – Historical
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe – Constitution and Bylaws
Lower Sioux Tribal Regulations
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin (Constitution & Bylaws)
Mille Lacs Band Statutes Annotated
Minnesota Chippewa Tribe – Constitution and Bylaws
Muscogee (Creek) Nation – Constitution
Nez Perce Tribal Code
Prairie Island Indian Community Ordinances
Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewas’ Code and Constitution
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Constitution
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Tribal Code
Sac and Fox Nation Constitution
San Ildefonso Pueblo Code
Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohicans’ Tribal Ordinances
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation of North Dakota – Constitution
United Tribe of Shawnee Indians – Constitution
Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians Constitution & Bylaws
White Mountain Apache Judicial Code
White Mountain Apache Code
Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) Constitution
White Earth Band of Ojibwe Codes
Yavapai-Apache Nation Constitution and Bylaws

Law Reviews & Periodicals

AIROS American Indian Radio
American Indian Law Review
California Indian Gaming News
CELANEN: A Journal of Indigenous Governance
Indian Country News
Indian Country Today
Indian Country Today Online
Indian Village News
Native American Journalists
Native American Times
Native Sense
Native Web News
NativeLaw News Digest
Pechanga.Net
Tribal Law Journal
Tribal Law Journal – ( University of New Mexico School of Law

State Websites

Alabama Indian Affairs Commission
Arizona Commission of Indian Affairs
California Native American Heritage Commission
Colorado Commission of Indian Affairs
Florida Governor’s Council on Indian Affairs, Inc.
Georgia Council on American Indian Concerns
Hawaiian Native Affairs Office
Indiana Native American Indian Affairs Commission
Kentucky Native American Heritage Commission
Louisiana Governor’s Office of Indian Affairs
Maine Indian Tribal-State Commission
Maryland Commission on Indian Affairs
Massachusetts Commission on Indian Affairs
Minnesota Indian Affairs Council
Montana Office of Indian Affairs
Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs
Nevada Indian Commission
New Jersey Commission on American Indian Affairs
New Mexico Department of Indian Affairs
New York State Office of Children & Family Services
North Carolina Commission on Indian Affairs
North Dakota Indian Affairs Commission
Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission
Oregon Commission on Indian Services

South Dakota Office of Tribal Government Relations

Utah Division of Indian Affairs
Vermont Commission on Native American Affairs
Virginia Council on Indians
Washington Governor’s Indian Affairs Office

Native Colleges & Universities

Bay Mills Community College
Carlisle Indian Industrial School
Chilocco Indian School
Dine College
Fond du Lac Tribal & Community College
Fort Belknap College
Fort Peck Community College
Haskell Indian Nations University
Leech Lake Tribal College
Little Big Horn College
Little Priest Tribal College
NAES College
Northwest Indian College
Oglala Lakota College
Salish Kootenai College
SasSisseton-Wahpeton Collegekatchewan Indian Institute of Technologies
Six Nations Polytechnic
Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute – SIPI
Stone Child College
Turtle Mountain Community College
United Tribes Technical College

Native Organizations

All Indian Pueblo Cultural Center
American Indian College Fund
American Indian Higher Education Consortium
American Indian Library Association – AILA
American Indian Ritual Object Repatriation Foundation
American Indian Science & Engineering Society
American Indian Studies Research Institute
Arizona Native Net
Center for Indian Education
Center for World Indigenous Studies
College Guide for American Indians
Cornell University Indian Law Materials
First Nations Development Institute
Gabriel Dumont Institute of Native Studies and Applied Research
Indian Defense League of America
Indian Law Resource Center
Indigenous Bilingual Education Special Interest Group
Indigenous Law Institute
National Congress of American Indians
National Indian Child Welfare Association
National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA)
National Museum of the American Indian
National Native American Bar Association
National Native American Law Enforcement Association
National Tribal Justice Resource Center
National Tribal Justice Resource Center
National Tribal Justice Resource Center
Native American Rights Fund
Native American Water Rights in Arizona
Navajo Nation Bar Association
OIBANET (Oklahoma Indian Bar Association)
Tribal Law and Government Center – University of Kansas

General Indian Law Sites

Cobell Case Website
Committee on Liaison with Native American Tribes of the National Commissioners of Uniform State Laws Background of Committee and Project
Committee on Liaison with Native American Tribes of the National Commissioners of Uniform State Laws Background of Committee and Project
Cornell University’s Native American Collection: Vanished Worlds, Enduring People
FedLaw-Native Americans
Findlaw: American Indian Law
G. William Rice’s class pages at the University of Tulsa Law School
Indian Country Criminal Jurisdiction
Indian Law Clinic University of Colorado Law School
Indian Legal Program at Arizona State University
Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Clinic , University of Arizona James E. RogersCollege of Law
National Indian Law Library
Native American Law Center , University of Tulsa College of Law
Native American Law Students Association
Tribal Law and Government Center , Haskell Indian Nations University – Universityof Kansas School of Law
Tribal Secured Transactions Law – An Important Tool for Tribal Economic Development
Tulsa City-County Library – American Indian Resource Center

Historical Documents

American Indians and Civil Rights a speech given by Morris K. Udall at AmericanUniversity , October 4, 1965
Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
Chronology of US Historical Documents
Federal Recognition Decisions
Felix Cohen’s Handbook on Indian Law – 1945 Edition
Indian Claims Commission Decisions
Lakota Winter Count
The Dakota Conflicts Trials, 1862
The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents – 1610 – 1791
The Meriam Report